Governance

This category contains 65 posts

Projects need to think beyond outputs

A common distinction made between projects and programmes is that projects deliver outputs (things) whereas programmes deliver outcomes (benefits). I think this is a dangerous separation, particularly in digital projects and programmes today. The view is most evident in the Managing Successful Programmes (MSP) approach, which has been long advocated by the UK government. But … Continue reading

Good benefits management can be lightweight

Do you practise good Benefits Management? It seems like a heavyweight process, with a lot of bureaucracy, especially as I’ve chosen to capitalise the initial letters. But it need not be so heavyweight. A short time ago I saw a presentation on Benefits Management and it certainly came across as heavyweight. A statement was made … Continue reading

The Siren call for consistency

I often come across the call for consistency… it sounds sensible, but can often be more damaging than people expect. Here I am talking about enforcing consistency across teams, projects, departments, etc. It might be about using the same user-story tracking tool, having different teams’ iterations in sync, reporting project progress using a standard template, … Continue reading

The distorted lens of risk registers

Where do you list your project risks? The more traditional project management approach tells us to use a risk register, and that’s certainly what happens in a lot of projects. But from my point of view it’s a trick question, and that’s not just because “risks” are not singular. We might write some so-called risks … Continue reading

Objective measures in action

Having objective measures enables better focus. Here is an example at the governance level. I once helped a project add some objective measures to its reporting. They previously had a list of things they wanted to build, but until that point the project’s goals hadn’t been expressed very clearly in terms of what the outcomes … Continue reading

Avoid binary outcomes

One of the most problematic situations that a delivery team can find itself in is when its stakeholders have expectations of a fixed deliverable by a fixed date. Generally speaking if a technical project ties itself to a pass/fail situation then it will fail. This is by no means true all the time, but it’s … Continue reading

You only need enough measurement

People don’t measure the impact of their work nearly as much as they should. As an industry we’re pretty good at measuring our outputs—the stuff we produce—such as features, story points, and so on. But we’re not so good at measuring the outcomes—the value of what we produce. I think a lot of that is … Continue reading

Integrating the gatekeepers

One effective way to make delivery smoother is to integrate “gatekeeper” stakeholders into the development process. This is particularly valuable for large projects in large organisations. In small projects life is much easier. It’s relatively straightforward to get all your stakeholders to a stand-up meeting or demo, make sure they’re happy, and be sure that … Continue reading

Getting partial value from partial delivery

A test of whether we are getting the most out of agile is whether we can get partial value from partial delivery. Often I hear people in delivery teams say “We’re doing well at agile, but we’re being held back because the rest of the business needs to be agile, too.” In many ways I … Continue reading

Separate solutions from outcomes

One of the most useful pieces of advice I’ve had on analysis is from Tom Gilb, when he talks about separating solutions (which he calls “design ideas”) from the outcomes we want to achieve. He’s primarily addressing the early stage of a project, before the build has begun. But it’s also relevant to the build … Continue reading